درد گردن

درد گردن یکی از دردهای اسکلتی عضلانی شایعی می باشد که اغب افراد ممکن است دچار آن شوند علت گردن درد ناگهانی می تواند در اثر انجام فعالیت هایی که دچار کشیدگی گردن و اسپاسم گردن باشد.

علت درد گردن

  • خوابیدن در حالت نامناسب
  • نشستن پای کامپیوتر به مدت طولانی
  • فشار وارد کردن به عضلات در وضعیت نادرست
  • استرس و درد گـردن در اثر فشار عصبی
  • شایع ترین علت درد گـردن از سه بیماری شایع آرتروز ستون فقرات ، فتق دیسک گردن و سندرم های عضلانی منشا می گیرد.
  • اگر در شرایطی قرار گرفتید که درد در ناحیه گردن وجود داشت و به دست ها انتشار یافتاگر چه در مراحل اولیه هم بودید باید به پزشک متخصص مغز و اعصاب مراجعه نمایید.
  • پزشک با مورد بررسی قرار دادن علت آن و تشخیص قطعی اقدام به درمان گردن درد می نماید.

علائم و نشانه های درد گردن

  • ممکن است درد گـردن و پشت سر به نواحی فوقانی مفصل کمر، شانه  و کتف گسترش یابد.
  • درد گردن و شانه باعث ایجاد ضعف بدن و سختی در حرکت مفصل گردن شود.
  • با انجام حرکت و فعالیت داشتن درد تشدید شود.
  • فرد دچار سر درد شود.
  • به طور معمول عوامل فوق رایج هستند و ممکن است برای چند ماه در بدن پایدار باشند.

درد گردن

علائم درد گردن عصبی

با فشار روی نخاع و ریشه های عصب در عصب ها اختلال ایجاد می شود و گردن درد عصبی علائم زیر را به همراه دارد :

  • درد به صورتی ایجاد می شود که حس می کنید به بدنتان شوک وارد شده است و به سمت بازو و دست گسترش خواهد یافت.
  • هنگام لمس پوست بازو و کتف احساس سوزش داشته باشید.
  • در بازو و دست سوزش و بی حسی ایجاد شده باشد.
  • در ساق پا ضعف و بی حسی به وجود آید.
  • اگر نخاع دچار آسیب دیدگی شده باشد کنترل ادرار و مدفوع امکان پذیر نخواهد بود.

روش های برای درمان درد گردن

  • ماساژ
  • لیزر درمانی
  • طب سوزنی
  • استفاده از گردن بند طبی
  • فیزیوتراپی

پیشگیری از درد گردن

  • داشتن وزن متناسب
  • تنظیم صندلی خودرو به طوری که صاف تر شود و از سر و قسمت پایین کمر شما محافظت نماید.
  • چنانچه با کامپیوتر کار می کنید، مانیتور را به نحوی تنظیم کنید که قسمت بالای صفحه نمایش هم سطح چشم شما قرار گرفته باشد.
  • روزانه ورزش های مخصوص بدن، گردن را انجام دهید.
  • هنگام استراحت از بالشتی استفاده کنید که موجب صاف شدن گردن با راستای ستون فقرات شما گردد.
  • و هنگام خوابیدن بر روی شکم و در حالتی که گردن شما به یک طرف خم است نخوابید این حرکت به مرور باعث درد گردن شما خواهد شد.

    

 

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